Possible Complications of a Caesarian Section

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Your pet is having a C-Section, what are the potential complications?

Every pet and every surgery is different, sometimes everything can be completely text book, other times complications arise. This description is not meant to alarm you, it merely details the types of complications that can arise and how we can assure you every effort will be made to ensure the ultimate safety of your pet and her new litter.

We treat every pet as an individual, if you have any questions, or if you feel your pet has special needs, please don’t hesitate to either ask, or let us know.

Some Complications

There are many possibilities of complications when a pregnant dog or cat needs surgery to deliver her litter, especially when this need arises in an emergent situation.

  • In labor with no puppies/kittens being delivered within appropriate time frame (distocia)
  • In labor with no strong contractions (uterine inertia, fatigue)

Due to the emergent nature of these problems, you will be seen as soon as possible through our emergency department.

  • Your pet’s problem will be diagnosed through a physical exam, likely some radiographs, and ultrasound to check for the litter’s viability, and laboratory work.
  • Following the outcome of the diagnostics, we will present you with a treatment plan outlining your options.

Check in:

  • At the check in desk (front desk), you will be asked to read and sign forms for anesthesia consent, and the treatment plan.
  • The full payment amount of the treatment plan is required when you drop your pet off. We accept Master card, Visa, Discover, and Cash as payment.
  • At check in we will go over the surgical procedure with you and answer any questions or concerns you may have regarding your pets stay with us.


  • We will use short acting anesthesia to provide the best support for the bitch/queen and litter.
  • Each puppy or kitten will be delivered into our capable technicians’ hands to ensure good airways, breathing, and heart rates, tie off the umbilicus and place the newborns in a temperature controlled incubator until mom has recovered and is ready to receive her babies for nursing.
  • We will check to be sure all puppies or kittens are comfortable and nursing well prior to going home, and that the bitch has good milk delivery from her mammary glands.
  • There are times when it is in the best interest of the mother, that she be spayed (ovarohysterectomy). If this is the case, she will be spayed at the time of her c-section surgery.
  • Unfortunately, there are also times where the puppies or kittens are no longer alive when the bitch/queen arrives at our emergency hospital.
  • In all of these cases, you will be informed and kept apprised of all developments.


  • We will call you after the surgery is done and she has recovered to let you know how everything went with her and her new litter.
  • Following the update on your pets’ conditions, we will schedule a time for you to pick them up later the same day.
  • When you come in for pick up, we will go over the plan for post c-section care and answer any questions you may have.
  • We will also schedule a time for you to return for follow up care and suture removal.

Please do not hesitate to call us with any questions.

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