Cardiology

Are Veterinarians and Board Certified Specialists the same?

While both are veterinarians, a board certified specialist has undergone additional years of veterinary school and training to focus their area of expertise in one…

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Asthma & Bronchitis

Obstructive and allergic lung diseases affect many pets and are sometimes called asthma, bronchitis, or bronchial asthma.  Unfortunately, these diseases are not easily classified and…

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Atrial Fibrilliation

The heart is a muscle that depends on electrical signals from a biological “pacemaker” (located in the atria of the heart) to generate the regular…

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Canine Dilated Cardiomyopathy

The heart has four chambers.  The upper chambers are called atria (singular: atrium), and the lower chambers are called ventricles.  In addition to the upper…

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Congestive Heart Failure

There are many causes of congestive heart failure (CHF) including progressive heart conditions, drug toxicities, infection, and other causes.  Animals in CHF may have respiratory…

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Echocardiogram

An echocardiogram, or “echo”, is a non-invasive test that uses sound waves to create an image of the heart in real-time. Sound waves are produced…

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Electrocardiogram

Electrocardiogram (ECG) is commonly used in cardiology to evaluate both the conduction system of the heart and the status of the myocardium (cardiac muscle).  An…

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Feline Hypertensive Heart Disease

Contributing Factors In humans, hypertension is related to several factors, including a stressful lifestyle.  Although not all the causes of feline hypertension have been identified,…

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Fluoroscopy/Interventional Radiology

Fluoroscopy uses x-rays to display live images in real time on a computer screen. The technology also acquires x-ray movie clips of the procedure. This…

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Heart Block

Heart block is another term for atrioventricular block. If the cardiac impulse is delayed or blocked intermittently in the area of the atrioventricular (AV) node,…

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Holter Monitors & Event Recorders

Holter monitoring allows the continuous monitoring of heart rate and rhythm during normal daily activities and sleep.  It can help detect and analyze infrequent heart…

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Hyperthyroidism Associated Cardiomyopathy

The thyroid gland is located in the neck and plays a very important role in regulating the body’s rate of metabolism. Hyperthyroidism is a disorder…

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Mitral and Tricuspid Dysplasia

Mitral valve dysplasia is a congenital malformation of the valve that closes between the left atrium and left ventricle to prevent backflow of blood when…

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Mitral Valve Insufficiency

Mitral valve insufficiency (MI) is inadequate closure of the valve that separates the left atrium from the left ventricle. This disorder can be due to…

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Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA)

Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a form of congenital heart disease. Animals with this condition retain a vascular connection between the aorta and pulmonary artery,…

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Pleural Effusion

Pleural effusion is an accumulation of fluid in the chest cavity around the lungs and heart. It occurs as a result of an impairment in…

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Pulmonary Hypertension

Pulmonary Hypertension is a condition in which there is an increased blood pressure (greater than 25 mmHg) within the pulmonary vessels. This can be caused…

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Pulmonic Stenosis

Pulmonic stenosis is an abnormal narrowing of the pulmonary artery. The pulmonary arterty is the major vessel of the heart that carries blood away from…

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Radiography (X-Rays)

Radiographs, commonly referred to as x-rays, are taken of all body parts to survey changes that may be present in bone or soft tissues.  This…

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Subaortic Stenosis

Subaortic stenosis is a congenital condition that is seen most commonly in certain large breed dogs. Subaortic stenosis is a narrowing that occurs below the…

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Supraventricular Tachycardia

Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is a type of arrhythmia where the heart beats (much) faster than normal. In this type of arrhythmia the heartbeat originates from…

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Tetralogy of Fallot

Tetralogy of Fallot is an uncommon congenital cardiac abnormality that can affect both cats and dogs. As the name indicates, animals with this condition have…

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The Discharge Process

When Your Pet is Ready to Leave the Hospital: Please be prepared to spend up to one hour during the discharge process for your pet….

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Ultrasound

  Ultrasound uses sound waves and a computer to generate focused images of the body.  It does not use x-rays, a form of ionizing radiation,…

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Ventricular Septal Defect

A Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) is an abnormal communication between two of the chambers of the heart. The pressure in the right side of the…

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Ventricular Tachycardia

Ventricular tachycardia is an arrhythmia that is caused by abnormal electrical impulses that are generated somewhere within the ventricles of the heart. These rapid, repetitive…

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